High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

When blood pressure is measured, the amount of blood passing through your vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping are both taken into account. High blood pressure, which is medically referred to as Hypertension occurs when the force of your blood pushing through your vessels is consistently high.

Arteries, which are narrow blood vessels, create resistance for blood flow, and the narrower the artery, the more resistance they provide, and the higher your blood pressure will be. Over time, the high pressure causes serious health issues.

Hypertension develops over several years, it’s not an overnight process, most of the time you won’t even notice symptoms; but even without symptoms, it can still cause damage to the blood vessels and organs including the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.

When we measure blood pressure, two factors or pressures are analyzed:

  • The pressure created in your arteries when your heart beats- Systolic pressure.
  • The residual pressure in your arteries between heartbeats- Diastolic pressure

The blood pressure measurement consists of two numbers, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. For example, having a higher blood pressure will look like 130/80 mm hg.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is a condition that typically doesn’t cause symptoms to appear immediately, it can take years or even decades for the symptoms to appear.

Severe hypertension symptoms can include:

  • Flushness in your skin
  • Blood spots in the eyes
  • General dizziness

Due to fact that symptoms can take so long to show, it’s recommended to have your blood pressure levels checked regularly.

Causes of High Blood Pressure

There are two types of hypertension, essential and secondary. Each type has different causes.

Essential Hypertension

This type of hypertension is also called primary hypertension, and it develops over time, most people who have high blood pressure suffer from this type. The causes are typically a combination of factors and can include:

  • Genes- If you have a family history of this condition you can be more genetically inclined to develop it.
  • Being over 65 years of age.
  • Being black non-Hispanic.
  • If you’re obese.
  • Having a high alcohol intake.
  • Having a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Suffering from diabetes.
  • Having a high sodium diet.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension develops quicker than primary hypertension and is more severe, the conditions that can cause this type of hypertension include:

  • Kidney disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Thyroids
  • Certain medications
  • Illegal drug consumption
  • Problems with your adrenal gland
  • Certain tumours

Treatments for High Blood Pressure

If you have any of the above factors or symptoms, it’s important to have your blood pressure levels checked. Pall Mall offer 24-48 hour blood pressure monitoring which is a private service to have your blood pressure checked, you can also choose to see a Private GP to see if any treatment options are available if you suffer from primary or secondary hypertension.

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