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Rheumatologists specialise in detecting, treating and managing patients with rheumatic conditions such as arthritis. Rheumatic conditions can cause pain, inflammation and swelling in the joints, bones, muscles and soft tissues. Musculoskeletal conditions can affect people of all ages, although some conditions such as arthritis are more common in older people.
The cause of rheumatology related conditions can be defined in a number of ways including synovial or muscle biopsies and musculoskeletal ultrasound. Treatment for these conditions include pain relief injections in the soft tissue and joints, including in areas of the back, pain relief tablets or you may be referred to see a physiotherapist or podiatrist.
Children’s rheumatology looks at common problems with rheumatic diseases which often involve swelling and inflammation in the joints or muscles. Rheumatology issues are diagnosed by a range of tests including a physical examination by a Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist, ultrasound scans, MRI scans and blood tests. Treatment will depend on the specific condition but can include physiotherapy, pain management and anti-inflammatory medication.
The experts at Pall Mall Medical can diagnose and treat a number of rheumatology issues in children including the following:
Hypermobility means the joints can stretch further than normal, which can cause pain and stiffness in joints and muscles, the joints to dislocate and cause recurrent injuries such as sprains. Treatment options include lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, improving sleep patterns and taking low-impact exercises to improve muscle strength and core stability.
One of the most common conditions treated by paediatric rheumatologists is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) where joints become inflamed and painful due to an autoimmune reaction resulting in joint swelling, restriction and stiffness. Treatment for JIA includes medication, such as anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressive drugs, exercise and physiotherapy.
Symptoms of lupus (also known as systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE) include joint pain, rashes and a lack of energy. Symptoms can vary greatly between individuals. Lupus is usually treated by immunosuppressive medication.
Musculoskeletal pain refers to pain in the bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments. Symptoms can be caused by injury, sport or even day to day activities. Symptoms include localised or general pain, aching muscles and fatigue. Once a diagnosis has been given then the pain may be treated with physical therapy, footwear advice, cognitive and acceptance therapy, anti-inflammatory medication or lifestyle changes such as stress reduction.
This rare condition causes symptoms such as muscle weakness and rashes in children. It’s an autoimmune disease which means the immune system attacks healthy cells in the body which damages the cells and causes the symptoms of juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Symptoms of JDM can be managed with immunosuppresive medication and physiotherapy.
If your child is affected by any of the above conditions or similar rheumatology problems then book a consultation with one of Pall Mall Medical’s Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologists.
Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist
Dr Philip Riley is a Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist, available for appointments at our Manchester clinic. He can see children up to the…