Someone might say to a loved one…”don’t do that, you will give yourself a hernia.” A light-hearted comment perhaps but usually one of concern. What is a hernia? A hernia happens when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall.
You can often have no hernia symptoms or very few, except a swelling or lump in your tummy or groin. The lump can be pushed back in or disappear when lying down. If you cough or strain the lump can show.
Are hernias dangerous? A hernia can either become strangulated or it could obstruct your bowel. Both of these complications are medical emergencies.
Book an appointment today with Pall Mall for consultation.
Symptoms of Hernia
Common signs of a hernia:
- A clearly seen and tender swelling under tummy skin or in the groin.
- Pain and swelling around testicles
- Heavy feeling in your tummy perhaps with constipation or blood in stools
- Tummy or groin discomfort if lifting or bending over
- Burning or aching sensation at the bulge/swelling
- Weakness or pressure within the groin
- Heartburn (sometimes with hiatus hernia)
- Difficulty swallowing
- Shooting pain
What causes Hernia?
Hernia causes are often associated with ageing and repeated tummy strain. Common hernias:
Inguinal hernias – fatty tissue or bowel part pushing through into groin at the top of inner thigh. The most common hernia type, mainly affecting men.
Femoral hernias – fatty tissue or bowel part pushes through in the same way as an inguinal hernia. Less common, affecting more women than men.
Umbilical hernias – fatty tissue or bowel part pushing through tummy near belly button. Babies can get these if the tummy opening which the umbilical cord passes through does not seal properly after birth. Adults can get them too, due to repeated tummy strain.
Hiatus hernias – part of the stomach pushes up into chest via an opening in the diaphragm (the thin sheet of muscle, separating the chest and tummy).
Other types of hernia:
Incisional hernias – tissue pushes through a surgical wound in the still healing tummy
Epigastric hernias – fatty tissues pushes through tummy, between belly button and the lower part of the breastbone
Spigelian hernias – bowel part pushes through tummy at the side of your tummy muscle, below belly button
Diaphragmatic hernias – organs in tummy move into chest via an opening in the diaphragm. Babies can get these if their diaphragm does not develop properly within the womb
Muscle hernias – part of the muscle pushes through the tummy. Can be in the leg as a sports injury.
Treatments for Hernia
Why not book an appointment? An ultrasound scan can confirm diagnosis and we can discuss hernia repair surgery.
If recommended, there are two main options – open surgery or keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery. If you opt for hernia repair surgery most people can return home the same day or the next, making a full recovery in a few weeks.
At Pall Mall, we offer hernia repair surgery to restore your mobility and your wellbeing.