If you are pregnant this means you have conceived an embryo maturing gradually into a baby in your uterus. How long is pregnancy? Pregnancy is commonly understood to last nine months or three trimesters (pregnancy stages), before you give birth.

Symptoms of Pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy or pregnancy symptoms week 1, if you like, include the fact that if you have a regular menstrual cycle, the earliest and most reliable sign of pregnancy is a missed period.

  • In the first few weeks of pregnancy, you may have a bleed like you would on a light period – some spotting or the loss of a little blood
  • Other early pregnancy symptoms include feeling sick or being sick – morning sickness. This can happen at any time of the day or night
  • Tiredness, exhaustion – especially during the first 12 weeks or so
  • Larger breasts which feel tender or tingle – like they can do just before your period
  • You may notice the veins are more visible on your breasts and your nipples can darken and stand out
  • You may discover you no longer like some favourite foods or drinks
  • You can crave new foods
  • You can get a strange taste in your mouth – perhaps metallic
  • You may wish to pass urine more often – including during the night

More pregnancy signs are constipation, more vaginal discharge (without soreness or irritation), loss of interest in smoking and a more sensitive sense of smell – the smell of food or cooking.

What causes Pregnancy?

The NHS says that pregnancy happens when sperm enters a vagina, travels through the cervix and womb to the fallopian tube and fertilises an egg. You are more likely to get pregnant during the time in the month when you are ovulating – when the egg becomes ready and you are at your most fertile.

The sperm and the egg usually meet like this through having unprotected (without the use of a condom) sexual intercourse and without using any other form of contraception.

Pregnancy Testing

The NHS says that if you have missed a period and recently had unprotected sex then you may be pregnant. How soon can you do a pregnancy test? Pregnancy tests are most reliable from the first day of your missed period.

If you do not know the due date of your next period, do a test at least 21 days after you last had unprotected sex. A pregnancy test can be done on a urine sample collected at any time – not just in the morning. Pregnancy tests detect a specific hormone which starts to be produced by the body about 6 days after fertilisation.

Pregnancy is condition which, if confirmed, can trigger sometimes conflicting emotions. Pall Mall can help by offering you all the tests, scans and diagnostics for pregnancy including advanced and early pregnancy scans which you may need as you prepare to manage this next step. Reduce your stress and concern about the accuracy of the result by trusting Pall Mall to get you all the information you need at this important time.

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