Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country on West Africa’s coast with a population of 2 million people and a climate at a high of 32C. Proof of Yellow Fever vaccination is needed to enter the country. In order to protect yourself from illness when visiting Guinea-Bissau, these particular vaccines are recommended as mosquito and tick bites are highly likely to transmit one of many diseases.
Guinea-Bissau falls in what is known as the ‘meningitis belt’. This means from December to June, travellers and residents are at risk of contracting meningitis. A meningitis vaccine is recommended if travelling during this timeframe.
|All patients||Measles||You can easily catch measles by breathing in droplets, touching a surface the droplets have settled on and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth (the virus can survive on surfaces for a few hours).||6-11 months: 1 dose 4-6 weeks before travel. This dose does not count as the first dose in the routine childhood vaccination series.
12 months or older: 2nd dose must be given 28 days apart.
|All patients||Yellow Fever||Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.||10 days before travel.|
|Most patients||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A can be contracted through contaminated food or water in Guinea-Bissau regardless of where you are eating.||2 weeks before travel.|
|Most patients||Malaria||You will need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria. Your doctor can help you decide which medicine is right for you and talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent malaria.||Before, during and after travel.|
|Most patients||Typhoid||You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Guinea-Bissau. This vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.||10 days before travel.|
|Some patients||Hepatitis B||Contracted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products.||2 months before travel.|
|Some patients||Meningitis||This vaccine is recommended if you plan to visit parts of Guinea-Bissau located in the meningitis belt during the dry season (December–June), when the disease is most common.||2-3 weeks before travel.|
|Some patients||Rabies||Found in mammals such as dogs and bats. Recommended if patient is taking part in outdoor activity that put them at risk of animal bites.||1 month before travel.|