Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa with a population of 25 million people and climate at a high of 32C. There is a risk of contracting malaria in Madagascar. Your risk may vary based on where you are going.
There is medical care in larger Madagascan cities and towns. For those staying in rural areas, there may be a need to travel far to get to the nearest physician.
|All patients||Measles||You can easily catch measles by breathing in droplets, touching a surface the droplets have settled on and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth (the virus can survive on surfaces for a few hours).||6-11 months: 1 dose 4-6 weeks before travel. This dose does not count as the first dose in the routine childhood vaccination series.
12 months or older: 2nd dose must be given 28 days apart.
|Most patients||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A can be contracted through contaminated food or water in Madagascar regardless of where you are eating.||2 weeks before travel.|
|Most patients||Typhoid||You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Madagascar. This vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.||10 days before travel.|
|Some patients||Malaria||You will need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria. Your doctor can help you decide which medicine is right for you and talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent malaria.||Before, during and after travel.|
|Some patients||Hepatitis B||Contracted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products.||2 months before travel.|
|Some patients||Rabies||Found in mammals such as dogs and bats. Recommended if patient is taking part in outdoor activity that put them at risk of animal bites.||1 month before travel.|
|Some patients||Yellow Fever||Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.||10 days before travel.|