Mali is a country located in West Africa with a population of 18 million people and climate at a high of 37C. Malaria, Meningitis and Rabies are all a risk in Mali. Travellers should make sure that they receive medicines to prevent contracting these diseases.
|All patients||Measles||You can easily catch measles by breathing in droplets, touching a surface the droplets have settled on and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth (the virus can survive on surfaces for a few hours).||6-11 months: 1 dose 4-6 weeks before travel. This dose does not count as the first dose in the routine childhood vaccination series.
12 months or older: 2nd dose must be given 28 days apart.
|All patients||Yellow Fever||Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.||10 days before travel.|
|Most patients||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A can be contracted through contaminated food or water in Mali regardless of where you are eating.||2 weeks before travel.|
|Most patients||Malaria||You will need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria. Your doctor can help you decide which medicine is right for you and talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent malaria.||Before, during and after travel.|
|Most patients||Typhoid||You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Mali. This vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.||10 days before travel.|
|Some patients||Hepatitis B||Contracted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products.||2 months before travel.|
|Some patients||Meningitis||This vaccine is recommended if you plan to visit parts of Mali located in the meningitis belt during the dry season (December–June), when the disease is most common.||2-3 weeks before travel.|
|Some patients||Rabies||Found in mammals such as dogs and bats. Recommended if patient is taking part in outdoor activity that put them at risk of animal bites.||1 month before travel.|
What does 'vaccination recommended' mean for travelling to Mali?
While it isn't a requirement to pass border control and customs when you enter the country, given the presence of the particular disease in the country, you may want to protect yourself from the risk of contracting an illness while you visit. Being protected is better than becoming ill while abroad.
Also depending upon your plans for your destination and your accommodation plans, you may benefit from a vaccination as a preventative measure.
For example, if you intend to visit local farms, isolated sections, intend to stay outside of a hotel environment, you may benefit from the protection of a vaccination as your risk of contracting certain diseases and illnesses increases.
What does 'sometimes recommended' mean for travelling to Mali?
If you have travelled from an area where a particular vaccination was required, you may require that vaccination for your next destination also (eg, Yellow Fever when travelling from a previous Yellow Fever area).