Travel Vaccinations for Nigeria

Nigeria is an African country on the Gulf of Guinea with a population of 190 million people and climate at a high of 38C. Polio, malaria and meningitis is all at a risk in Nigeria. Travellers should make sure their vaccinations are up to date before travelling to the country.

 

Who Vaccination Risk When
All patients Measles You can easily catch measles by breathing in droplets, touching a surface the droplets have settled on and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth (the virus can survive on surfaces for a few hours). 6-11 months: 1 dose 4-6 weeks before travel. This dose does not count as the first dose in the routine childhood vaccination series.

12 months or older: 2nd dose must be given 28 days apart.

All patients Yellow Fever Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission. 10 days before travel.
All patients Polio Polio can be contracted by coming into contact with faeces of someone with the infection, or with the droplets launched into the air, usually by cough or sneeze. 12 months before travel.

 

 

A booster dose is required if it has been 10 years or more since your last dose of vaccine.

Most patients Hepatitis A Hepatitis A can be contracted through contaminated food or water in Nigeria regardless of where you are eating. 2 weeks before travel.
Most patients Malaria You will need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria. Your doctor can help you decide which medicine is right for you and talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent malaria. Before, during and after travel.
Most patients Typhoid You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Nigeria. This vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater. 10 days before travel.
Some patients Cholera Cholera is contracted through unsafe food and water. Cholera is rare in travellers but if contracted can be severe. 2 weeks before travel.
Some patients Hepatitis B Contracted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products. 2 months before travel.
Some patients Rabies Found in mammals such as dogs and bats. Recommended if patient is taking part in outdoor activity that put them at risk of animal bites. 1 month before travel.
Some patients Meningitis This vaccine is recommended if you plan to visit parts of Nigeria located in the meningitis belt during the dry season (December–June), when the disease is most common. 2-3 weeks before travel.