Laos is a country located in southeast Asia with a population of 6 million people and climate at a high of 35C. Mosquito-borne diseases are a serious problem in Laos. Travelers should consider bringing antimalarials as well as mosquito repellents and netting. Zika, dengue and chikungunya are also present in Laos.
Although there is no risk of yellow fever in Laos, the government requires proof of yellow fever vaccination if you are traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever.
|All patients||Measles||You can easily catch measles by breathing in droplets, touching a surface the droplets have settled on and then placing your hands near your nose or mouth (the virus can survive on surfaces for a few hours).||6-11 months: 1 dose 4-6 weeks before travel. This dose does not count as the first dose in the routine childhood vaccination series.
12 months or older: 2nd dose must be given 28 days apart.
|All patients||Yellow Fever||Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.||10 days before travel.|
|Most patients||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A can be contracted through contaminated food or water in Laos regardless of where you are eating.||2 weeks before travel.|
|Most patients||Typhoid||You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water in Laos. This vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.||10 days before travel.|
|Some patients||Hepatitis B||Contracted through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products.||2 months before travel.|
|Some patients||Japanese Encephalitis||You may need this vaccine if your trip will last more than a month, depending on where you are going in Laos and what time of year you are traveling. You should also get this vaccine if you plan to visit rural areas in Laos or will be spending a lot of time outdoors, even for trips shorter than a month.|
|Some patients||Malaria||You will need to take prescription medicine before, during, and after your trip to prevent malaria. Your doctor can help you decide which medicine is right for you and talk to you about other steps you can take to prevent malaria.||Before, during and after travel.|
|Some patients||Rabies||Found in mammals such as dogs and bats. Recommended if patient is taking part in outdoor activity that put them at risk of animal bites.||1 month before travel.|