Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer can make us feel uneasy. We know that the cervical screening (smear) test needed to diagnosis the presence of abnormal cells can be experienced as one which is uncomfortable or even invasive but rest assured that it is necessary and it can save lives.

What is cervical cancer? The NHS says cervical cancer is one found anywhere in the cervix. The cervix is the opening between the vagina and the womb (uterus), forming part of the reproductive system, sometimes called the neck of the womb.

Cervical cancer is often treatable. Cervical cancer treatment depends on the size and type of cervical cancer you have, where it is, if it has spread and the current condition of your general health. Start your treatment journey with cervical cancer screening which Pall Mall can offer you, so book an appointment, right away.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer can include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding is the first noticeable early sign of cervical cancer – including bleeding during or after sexual intercourse, between periods and after menopause
  • Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Unusual or unpleasant vaginal discharge
  • Pain in your lower back or pelvis

If the cancer spreads out of the cervix and into surrounding tissues and organs you may get:

  • Severe pain in your side or back caused by the kidneys
  • Constipation
  • Passing urine or stools more often
  • Losing bladder control (urinary incontinence) or losing bowel control (bowel incontinence)
  • Blood present in urine
  • Swelling of one or both legs
  • Severe vaginal bleeding

What causes Cervical Cancer?

Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by an infection with certain high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV).

You can get HPV from:

  • Any skin to skin contact of the genital area
  • Vaginal, anal or oral sex
  • Sharing sex toys

Some cervical cancer risk factors include:

  • Being under 45 – this cancer is more common in younger people
  • Having a weakened immune system due to HIV or AIDS
  • Having given birth to multiple children
  • Having had children at an early age (under 17 years old)
  • Your mother took the hormonal medicine diethylstilbestrol (DES) while pregnant with you – ask your GP to discuss if this affects you
  • Having had vaginal, vulval, kidney or bladder cancer before

Treatments for Cervical Cancer

Lower your chances of getting cervical cancer with cervical screening and the HPV vaccination.

  • If aged between 25-64 you are invited for regular cervical screening on the NHS
  • All children aged 12-13 are offered the HPV vaccine – protection against all cancers caused by HPV plus genital warts

Use condoms during sexual intercourse although know that they do not cover all the skin around the genitals. You could stop smoking to protect your immune system especially as the chemicals in cigarettes can also cause cervical cancer. Plus, eat a balanced diet to support your immunity.

Pall Mall offers tests, scans and diagnostics and cervical smear testing to detect and determine the best way forward for you if you are diagnosed with cervical cancer.

Right Menu Icon