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Haematologists diagnose and treat problems with the blood and related tissues such as bone marrow and the spleen. Your GP or other consultants may refer you for a specialist haematologist opinion, if they suspect that you suffer from any of the following:
Anaemia can cause tiredness, heart palpitations and breathlessness and is most common in women who experience heavy periods or who are pregnant. It’s usually treated with iron supplements and changes to diet but it’s important to get a proper diagnoses before making any changes yourself, particularly if you are pregnant.
Polycythaemia causes the blood to thicken due to an excess of red blood cells. Symptoms include dizziness, high blood pressure, itchy, red skin and headaches. People with polycythaemia have an increased risk of blood clots so it’s important to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan from an expert.
DVTs are potentially life threatening and can cause pain and swelling in the leg. Complications include the blood clot breaking up and causing a blockage in the lungs. DVTs are treated by taking medicine to thin the blood and by wearing compression stockings to improve blood flow.
If you have an increased risk of developing blood clots then a consultant haematologists can recommend a treatment programme to reduce the risk of you developing the condition.
Bleeding disorders occur when the blood doesn’t clot properly and can cause excessive or extended bleeding or bruising.
Infection in the lymph nodes can cause them to swell and become tender. If you have swollen lymph glands then an expert diagnosis is vital to rule out the risk of cancer.
When your body stores too much iron this can cause a number of serious conditions including liver cirrhosis, cancer and diabetes. Hemochromatosis is a hereditary condition with a range of symptoms including tiredness, lethargy and joint pain and is usually diagnosed with blood tests, liver function tests, an MRI or a liver tissue sample.
An abnormal blood count could be due to a serious underlying disease like leukaemia, lymphoma or Myeloma.
There are a number of tests that can be taken to diagnose the above issues and your GP or consultant may recommend extra investigations including:
Intravenous (IV) Iron Infusion is also available at Pall Mall Medical and is performed by a Haematology Consultant, please contact us for more details if you are interested in this procedure or if you would like to find out more about the haematology services available at Pall Mall Medical.